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Synonymy


Synonymy - Carpinus caroliniana


Betulaceae Birch Family

Carpinus caroliniana Walter
blue beech, musclewood, American hornbeam, ironwood ; Fr: charme de Caroline, bois de fer

Carpinus caroliniana var. caroliniana Walter
American hornbeam, blue beech, ironwood, musclewood ; Fr: charme de Caroline

Carpinus caroliniana var. virginiana (Marshall) Fernald
blue beech, American hornbeam, musclewood, ironwood ; Fr: charme de Virginie, bois de fer

  • [=Carpinus americana Michx.]
  • [=Carpinus betulus L. var. virginiana Marshall (basionym)]
  • [=Carpinus caroliniana Walter subsp. virginiana (Marshall) Furlow]
  • [=Carpinus virginiana (Marshall) Sudw. 1893, nom. illeg. hom., non Mill. 1768]

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