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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z






What is an Herbarium?

Genus Descriptions

Species Descriptions

Ontario FEC V-Types

Bibliography

Terminology

Who Collects the Plants?

Collector Biographies

Nomenclature Primer

Website Information

Northern Ontario Plant Database
 

Description of northern Ontario species


Trees | Shrubs | Dwarf Shrubs | Herbs (Forbs) | Herbs (Graminoids)
Pteridophytes | Bryophytes

Over one hundred original descriptive webpages have been compiled for the Northern Ontario Plant Database (NOPD) website. These webpages are primarily of species included in Ontario's Forest Ecosystem Classification (FEC) and are intended to assist forestry workers and students in the identification of these species. Click on the thumbnail images to link to a full-page image in a new window. In addition to images scanned from 35 mm slides, many digital images by Derek Goertz, a very talented AUC biology student, have been included in the webpages. When no images were available from within our group of partners, we have linked to other websites that include images and descriptions, including the borealforest.org, Connecticut Botanical Society, and Trees of Wisconsin websites (see links below).

New descriptions and images will be added to the website throughout the course of the project, and each student in Vascular Plant Systematics (Biol 3306) at AUC will be given the opportunity to develop a webpage on at least one species of their choice; these will be added to the website.

Trees
Acer pensylvanicum (striped maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula papyrifera (white birch)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Fagus grandifolia (beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Fraxinus pensylvanica (green ash)
Ostrya virginiana (ironwood)
Picea rubens (red spruce)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus macrocarpa (bur oak)
Tilia americana (basswood)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)


Shrubs
Alnus incana subsp. rugosa (speckled alder)
Alnus viridis subsp. crispa (mountain alder)
Amelanchier laevis (smooth Juneberry)
Betula pumila (dwarf birch)
Comptonia peregrina (sweetfern)
Cornus alternifolia (alternate-leaf dogwood)
Cornus rugosa (rough dogwood)
Cornus stolonifera (red-osier dogwood)
Dasiphora fruticosa (shrubby cinquefoil)
Diervilla lonicera (bush honeysuckle)
Dirca palustris (leatherwood)
Ilex mucronata (mountain holly)
Kalmia angustifolia (sheep laurel)
Lonicera canadensis (Canada fly honeysuckle)
Lonicera dioica (glaucous honeysuckle)
Lonicera hirsuta (hairy honeysuckle)
Myrica gale (sweet gale)
Physocarpus opulifolius (smooth ninebark)
Rhododendron groenlandicum (Labrador tea)
Ribes cynosbati (prickly gooseberry)
Ribes glandulosum (skunk currant)
Ribes hirtellum (wild gooseberry)
Ribes triste (swamp red currant)
Rosa acicularis (prickly wild rose)
Rosa palustris (swamp rose)
Rubus allegheniensis (common blackberry)
Rubus canadensis (smooth blackberry)
Rubus chamaemorus (cloudberry, bakeapple)
Rubus idaeus (wild red raspberry)
Rubus parviflorus (thimbleberry)
Salix pedicellaris (bog willow)
Salix petiolaris (slender willow)
Salix planifolia (tealeaf willow)
Sambucus racemosa subsp. pubens (red elderberry)
Toxicodendron radicans subsp. rydbergii (western poison ivy)
Vaccinium angustifolium (lowbush blueberry)
Vaccinium ovalifolium (ovalleaf bilberry)
Viburnum cassinoides (northern wild raisin)
Viburnum edule (squashberry)
Viburnum opulus subsp. trilobum (highbush cranberry)
Viburnum lantanoides (hobblebush)


Dwarf Shrubs
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry)
Gaultheria procumbens (wintergreen)
Linnaea borealis (twinflower)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Rubus arcticus subsp. acaulis (arctic bramble, plumboy)
Rubus pubescens (dewberry, dwarf raspberry)
Vaccinium oxycoccus (small cranberry)


Herbs (Forbs)
Acorus americanus (sweetflag)
Actaea pachypoda (doll's eyes)
Allium tricoccum (wild leek)
Anemone americana (roundlobe liverleaf)
Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)
Arethusa bulbosa (dragon's mouth)
Aralia racemosa (spikenard)
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)
Asclepias incarnata (swamp milkweed)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Brasenia schreberi (watershield)
Caltha palustris (marsh marigold)
Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh)
Claytonia caroliniana (Carolina spring beauty)
Clintonia borealis (bluebead lily)
Coptis trifolia (goldthread)
Corallorhiza striata (striped coralroot)
Cornus canadensis (bunchberry)
Dalibarda repens (dewdrop)
Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman's breeches)
Epipactis helleborine (broadleaf helleborine)
Erythronium americanum (yellow adder's tongue)
Fragaria vesca (woodland strawberry)
Fragaria virginiana (Virginia strawberry)
Geum fragarioides (barren strawberry)
Impatiens capensis (touch-me-not, jewelweed)
Iris versicolor (blue flag, iris)
Lilium philadelphicum (wood lily)
Maianthemum canadense (wild lily-of-the-valley)
Maianthemum racemosum (feathery false Solomon's seal)
Medeola virginiana (Indian cucumber-root)
Mitella nuda (naked miterwort)
Pogonia ophioglossoides (rose pogonia)
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy Solomon's seal)
Pyrola asarifolia (bog wintergreen)
Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)
Sarracenia purpurea (pitcher plant)
Streptopus lanceolatus (rose twisted-stalk)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadowrue)
Tiarella cordifolia (foamflower)
Trientalis borealis (starflower)
Trillium erectum (purple trillium)
Trillium grandiflorum (great white trillium)
Trillium cernuum (nodding trillium)
Uvularia grandiflora (large-flowered bellwort)
Viola blanda (sweet white violet)
Viola cucullata (marsh blue violet)
Viola lanceolata (lanceleaf violet)
Viola macloskeyi (northern white violet)
Viola nephrophylla (northern bog violet)
Viola pubescens (downy yellow violet)
Viola renifolia (kidneyleaf violet)
Viola selkirkii (Selkirk's violet)
Viola sororia (woolly blue violet)


Herbs (Graminoids)
Anthoxanthum nitens (sweet grass)
Brachyelytrum aristosum (northern shorthusk)
Carex arctata (drooping woodland sedge)
Carex lucorum (longbeaked oak sedge)
Carex gracillima (graceful sedge)
Deschampsia flexuosa (wavy hairgrass)


Pteridophytes
Dryopteris intermedia (evergreen woodfern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Huperzia lucidula (shining clubmoss)
Lycopodium annotinum (bristly or interrupted clubmoss)
Osmunda cinnamomeum (cinnamon fern)
Polystichum braunii (Braun's holly fern)
Selaginella selaginoides (spikemoss)


Bryophytes
Hylocomium splendens (stairstep moss)
Pleurozium schreberi (Schreber's moss)
Ptilium crista-castrensis (plume moss)
Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus (shaggy moss)


Photographers of the images and the illustrators can be identified by their initials, included in the copyright information on each image: dg = Derek Goertz, sjm = Susan J. Meades, jem = John Maunder (Newfoundland Museum), rd = Russ Dennison (deceased Sault Naturalist), kb = Ken Baldwin.

Other websites with description and images of species common to our area

 
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