Northern Ontario Plant Database
Vascular Plant Families -
Trees & Shrubs -
Choose one of the links above for a list of plant-related websites about that category. Selected websites include only non-commercial, free-access sites that do not require passwords. The links provided have all been checked as of April 18, 2008, but visitors should note that most large websites have a regular downtime for editing and uploading more information. Often, this downtime occurs on the weekends, especially Sunday night (students take note!). If you find a link that doesn't work, try that site again at a different time or on a different day; if it still does not work, please report the problematic link to the NOPD.Lichens & Fungi
An Introduction to Lichens
A good introduction to the morphology and importance of lichens, by Salvatore De Santis at the New York Botanical Garden.
Lichens in BIO-DiTRL
An interesting website of electron micrographs of various morphological features of lichens from the University of Alberta.
FloralImages - Fungi and Lichens of the UK and Ireland
Fungi and lichens from John Crellin's excellent FloralImages website.
Fungi of Commanster, Belgium
A very comprehensive website of images of European macrofungi, complete with a list of fungivores. Part of the Ecology of Commanster website by Jim Lindsey. Plants are organized according to scientific name, but common names are also provided in English, French, Dutch, and German.
Fungi Images on the Net
A website compiled by Flemming V. Larsen with links to over 3500 images of fungi.
Fungi in Finland and Sweden
An easy to navigate website by Raija Tuomainen, featuring images of fungi from Finland and Sweden, which can be accessed through alphabetical lists, thumbnail images, photographer, or edibility.
Lichen Flora of Manitoba
A checklist of lichens in Manitoba. Each genus listing is followed by an abbreviation to denote crustose (C), foliose (Fo), and fruticose (Fr) lichens.
Lichen Photo Gallery
This gallery of excellent lichen images, the best online resource for lichen images, is from the Lichen Herbarium, Botanical Museum, University of Oslo, Norway. Click on the Photo Gallery button to access the species through the alphabetical browser, or enter a genus or species name.
An interesting and very useful site on lichens compiled by researchers at Oregon State University. Illustrated interactive keys help to teach about the unique characters of lichens, which are formed by a symbiotic association between two unrelated species - one a fungus, the other either an alga or a cyanobacterium.
Lichens of Commanster, Belgium
Webpages of many European lichen species, some of which occur in northern Ontario. Definitely worth a look. Part of the Ecology of Commanster website by Jim Lindsey. Plants are organized by scientific name only.
Lichens of North America
A website about the definitive lichen book for our area, Lichens of North America (I.M. Brodo et al. 1991), which includes photographs and distribution maps for each species, as well as keys and species descriptions. Every serious botanist should have a copy of this book in their library. The website contains a sample of the magnificent lichen photographs taken for this book by Sylvia & Stephen Sharnoff, as well as sections on Lichen Biology and the Environment, Lichens and Wildlife, and Lichens and People.
My Favorit Fungi Images
A beautiful image collection of Scandinavian fungi from Denmark, featuring the images of Flemming V. Larsen.
Tom Volk's Fungi
An excellent website on fungi and lichens by Tom Volk, featuring a Fungus of the Month, which answers such questions as why we think Christmas reindeers should fly, how ergot is related to the Salem Witch Trials, and how fungi have sex. This is an indispensable website for any students taking a course in lower plants.
A website from the Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison with nomenclatural information and distributions of the lichen species of Wisconsin. Access the species from the List of Genera.